This attempt to answer the question ‘is there a future for fission nuclear electric propulsion?’ is based on the findings of two recent studies. Technical issues were investigated in the High Power Electric Propulsion; a roadmap for the future (HiPER) project by Space Enterprise Partnerships (SEP), Rolls Royce and Acta srl. Applications, expertise (and experience), infrastructure, resources, public acceptance, safety and sustainability were then investigated in the Disruptive Technologies for Power and Propulsion (DiPoP) study. The DiPoP team comprised SEP, KopooS Consulting, ISIS_R&D, DLR and the University of Stuttgart. The DiPoP space fission nuclear electric findings were reviewed by an Advisory Board of European, Russian and US experts. Both studies received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013).