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Crew waste water electric propulsion system development and small satellite deployment from ISS with ITS arcjet thruster

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Since 2011, Earth-Track Corporation and Osaka Institute of Technology have been studying for new advanced type of electric propulsion system what we call WEPS (Water Electric Propulsion System) by using “waste water” produced in a spacecraft. Our basic concept for this new advanced electric propulsion system is that modification with existing electric propulsion (DC Arc jet) system by changing its fuel. Regarding “water” as a propellant, we are planning to use the reclaimed waste water from Water Recovery System (WRS) in ISS Environmental Control and Life Support System (ECLSS) currently on orbit. The first major step of this study is to develop a new gas generator to provide H2O gas to Arc jet. Per our experiment results so far, we found that our exiting mass flow controller could not produce enough water flow to ignite firing continuously due to H2O liquid state. Recently, we succeeded in making new gas generator using heat “glow plug” and in firing by H2O only for a short period. Optimization for continuous firing will be required. Per the latest our roadmap for WEPS, our final goal is to make a small satellite using WEPS and deploy from ISS. By way of demonstration on ISS for a test payload with minimized WEPS (Only Fuel Tank, DC Arc jet are implemented), a small satellite with all WEPS will be deployed from ISS. These can be transferred to JEF (ISS/JEM Exposed Facility) from exposed pallet from ISS Visiting Vehicle (HTV or Space-X DRAGON is possible candidate) by using ISS robotic arm. We also have been studying an orbital analysis to inject transferring orbit and reach some destination (e.g. Moon) after ISS deployment using this WEPS Arc jet.

Характеристики

Дата проведения

October 6 – 10, 2013

Название конференции

33nd International Electric Propulsion Conference

место проведения

George Washington University in Washington, D.C., USA

Качество

excellent

Раздел

Аэрокосмическая техника

Язык

English

Типы файлов

pdf

Автор(ы)

Nogawa Y., Tahara H., Tsuchida A.

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